Facts About Mexico

Mexico Basic Facts

  • Official Name: Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States)
  • Government: Republic of federated states
  • Capital: Mexico City
  • Population: 125,959,205
  • Official Languages: Spanish
  • Money: Peso
  • Major Mountain Ranges: Sierra Madre

Fun Facts About Mexico

Though Spanish is the official language, there are 68 other languages spoken in Mexico.

Because Mexico lies between the equator and the Arctic Circle, it is home to a wide variety of animals who are either seeking warmth away from the Arctic or cooler temperatures away from the equator.

Indigenous culture is woven throughout all aspects of Mexican life. Many Mexicans are mestizos, a mix of Native American and Spanish heritage.

Mexico has more taxis than any other country in the world!

History of Mexico

The Olmec people, Mexico’s first complex society, emerged in the southeastern part of the country around 1200 B.C. They were later followed by the Maya, the Toltec, and the Aztec peoples.

Mexico’s ancient societies built great cities and huge pyramids, created remarkable works of art, and even studied the stars and planets to determine when to plant crops and hold ceremonies.

In the early 1500s, the Spanish arrived in Mexico. The Aztec people got sick from smallpox and other diseases that the Spanish brought with them. The Spaniards also seized and destroyed the Aztec capital, called Tenochtilán. The Spanish ruled Mexico until 1821.

Map of Mexico

Map of Mexico from National Geographic

Color in Mexico on this map!

Mexico Flag Activity

Mexico flag from National Geographic

HERE is a fun printable Mexico flag coloring sheet!

Famous Mexico Landmarks

Featured Important Mexican Person: Mitzy Cortés Guzmán, Climate Justice Activist

YouTube video

Watch Mitzy Cortés win the Global Citizen Prize here!